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Countdown to Total EclipseCarbondale, Illionois
Apr 8, 2024 13:59:16 CDT
Upcoming Total Solar Eclipse on April 8, 2024
The eclipse will be visible across North America, with a path of totality passing through several U.S. states and parts of Mexico and Canada.
The total duration of the eclipse at maximum will be around 4 minutes and 9 seconds. The totality will be longer or shorter depending on your exact location.
Based on the coordinates provided (Latitude: 37° 42' 12.70" N, Longitude: 89° 12' 19.42" W), the eclipse will be viewable in places like Carbondale, Illinois, which lies very close to these coordinates.
Umbral Depth and Path Width
The umbral depth will be 99.08% (92.0 km) with an umbral depth of 849 m (2786 ft). The path width will be 185.6 km (115.3 mi), meaning this is the maximum width of the path of totality.
Obscuration refers to the fraction of the sun’s area covered by the moon. For this eclipse, it's listed as 100%, which means the sun will be entirely covered by the moon at the peak of the eclipse.
Magnitude at Maximum
The magnitude at maximum is listed as 1.02699. Magnitude refers to the fraction of the sun’s diameter covered by the moon. A value over 1 means a total eclipse.
Moon/Sun Size Ratio
This ratio is listed as 1.05448, indicating that the apparent size of the moon is slightly larger than the sun, enabling a total eclipse.
The umbral velocity is given as 0.839 km/s (or 1876 mph). This is the speed at which the shadow of the moon (the umbra) will be moving across the Earth's surface.
To view the eclipse safely, always use certified solar viewing glasses. Regular sunglasses, even very dark ones, are not safe for viewing a solar eclipse.
Taking Advantage of History!Throughout history, several smart individuals have used their knowledge of eclipses to their advantage. Here are a few examples:
Columbus and the Lunar Eclipse of 1504: During his fourth voyage to the Americas, Christopher Columbus found himself stranded in Jamaica. After several months, his welcome was wearing thin with the local inhabitants, and he needed a way to regain their favor. He knew from the almanac that a lunar eclipse was due to occur on February 29, 1504. He told the local people that his god was angry with their treatment of him and would show his displeasure by making the rising full moon appear "inflamed with wrath," which did indeed happen. The locals were terrified and begged Columbus to intercede. When the moon started to reappear, Columbus told the locals that his god had pardoned them and that's why the moon was returning. This stunt bought Columbus enough goodwill that he was able to stay in Jamaica for another year before rescue arrived.
Battle of the Eclipse (585 BC): This is perhaps the earliest historical event that the date is known with such precision. The battle was fought between the Medes and the Lydians in the early 6th century BC. The battle ended abruptly due to a total solar eclipse, which was perceived as an omen indicating that the gods wanted the battle to end. Thales of Miletus, a Greek philosopher, is traditionally thought to have predicted this eclipse, and his prediction could have been used to encourage a ceasefire.
The Eddington Expedition (1919): While this is not an example of personal advantage, it's an excellent demonstration of using an eclipse to benefit scientific understanding. In 1919, British astronomer Arthur Eddington used a total solar eclipse to test Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity. By taking photographs of stars near the Sun during totality, Eddington was able to show that light from the stars was deflected as it passed the Sun. This backed up Einstein's theory, which predicted that the gravity of a massive body would bend light passing near it.
Each of these cases exemplifies how knowledge and prediction of an eclipse could be leveraged to bring about significant outcomes, ranging from personal survival to diplomatic resolution and scientific discovery.
The Siege of Syracuse (213-211 BC): The Roman general Marcellus laid siege to the city of Syracuse during the Second Punic War. Archimedes, the famous mathematician and engineer who lived in Syracuse, is said to have used a variety of ingenious machines to thwart the Roman efforts, but the city was eventually taken. According to the historian Livy, a lunar eclipse frightened the Roman soldiers during the final assault, but their commander used it as an opportunity to encourage them, saying it signified new beginnings.
Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa (1806): In the early 19th century, the Shawnee leaders Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa used a solar eclipse to their advantage. Tenskwatawa, also known as the Prophet, predicted a solar eclipse would occur on June 16, 1806. When the prediction came true, it greatly increased the brothers' prestige and helped them to rally tribes to their confederation.
Solar Eclipse of 1914 and World War I: When a total solar eclipse happened on August 21, 1914, just after the outbreak of World War I, British and German troops were fighting in the Battle of Frontiers. It was said to have had a significant impact on the troops who witnessed it from the battlefield, affecting morale and causing some to believe it was a bad omen. However, the extent of its effect on the course of the war is less clear.
Remember that these instances are based on historical records and interpretations. Eclipses were often seen as omens or signs from the gods in ancient times, and thus had the power to instill fear or awe and affect decisions and events. Today, we understand them as natural phenomena predictable with the laws of physics.
There aren't many more historical instances of people using their knowledge of an upcoming eclipse for personal advantage, as the understanding of the mechanics of eclipses was fairly limited until relatively recent times. However, here are a few more examples of significant impacts of eclipses in history:
Solar Eclipse of 763 BC and Assyrian Chronicle: This eclipse is important not for how it was used, but for the historical record it provides. A record of a solar eclipse in the Assyrian Eponym Canon, a list of annual Assyrian officials, provides a fixed point that can be used to synchronize the timeline of the ancient Near East. The record of the eclipse has helped historians date events in the region.
Halley's Eclipse of 1715: This isn't an example of someone using knowledge of an eclipse to their advantage, but rather it represents a scientific achievement. Edmond Halley, the famous British astronomer, successfully predicted the timing and path of the total solar eclipse of May 3, 1715, over London, an impressive feat at the time. Halley's accurate prediction and his detailed account of the event helped to increase public interest in astronomy and boosted the prestige of scientific research.
Eclipse Expeditions and International Cooperation: While not an example of personal advantage, it's worth noting that scientific expeditions to observe eclipses have often involved international cooperation, even during times of tension. For example, during the Cold War, scientists from the United States and the Soviet Union worked together on eclipse observations. These expeditions are examples of how the shared interest in astronomy can foster international collaboration and goodwill.
These examples underscore the historical and scientific significance of solar and lunar eclipses. Even though we now understand their mechanics and can predict them with precision, they continue to fascinate us, and observing them can still provide valuable scientific data.
WTF! No More Eclipses?The Moon is slowly moving away from the Earth at an average rate of about 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) per year. This is due to the conservation of angular momentum, and the process that's driving this is called tidal acceleration. As the Moon moves farther from the Earth, its apparent size in our sky slightly decreases.
In the future, this means that the Moon will be too far away to fully cover the Sun, even when it's at its closest point to Earth in its elliptical orbit (at perigee). When this happens, we will no longer experience total solar eclipses, only annular eclipses, where the Moon covers the center of the Sun, but a ring of sunlight is visible around the Moon's disk.
However, you don't need to worry about missing total solar eclipses anytime soon. Based on the current rate of the Moon's recession, scientists estimate that total solar eclipses will continue to occur for at least another 600 million to 1.4 billion years.
Special Thanks to Xavier JubierMr. Jubier is the inventor of the Eclipse Overlay on Google Maps that is featured at NASA and was used by 2024TotalEclipse.com to find our Platforms of Totality.
Visit this site and if you can donate to Mr. Jubier so he can continue to invent.
Having an Eclipse Party?Send an email with details to Party@2024totaleclipse.com.
We know the date! So just tell us about your event and Rocktotality will create a free listing for PARTIES!
2024 Total Eclipse on April 8th
|Zaragoza, Mexico|| 267 seconds|
|Concordia, Mexico|| 267 seconds|
|El Pozole, Mexico|| 267 seconds|
|Jose Marie Patoni, Mexico|| 267 seconds|
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|Bay Du Nord Wilderness Reserve, St. Pierre and Miquelon|| 177 seconds|
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|Bonavista, St. Pierre and Miquelon|| 173 seconds|
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|Brae, New Brunswick|| 165 seconds|
|Channel-Port aux Basques, St. Pierre and Miquelon|| 164 seconds|
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|Rose Blanche-Harbour le Cou, St. Pierre and Miquelon|| 159 seconds|
|Grand Bruit, St. Pierre and Miquelon|| 157 seconds|
|Clarenville, St. Pierre and Miquelon|| 150 seconds|
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|Burego, St. Pierre and Miquelon|| 132 seconds|
|McKays, St. Pierre and Miquelon|| 123 seconds|
NEWS FROM SpaceDaily.com
3 Billion Times and Man Just Guesses
August 23, 2017, St. Louis, Missouri (SPX) - 3 billion times and man still does not have a clue. The weathermen were astonished the clouds dissipated during the loss of temperature of the eclipse. NASA is all google eyes about the data sets that they will process. I will continue to study images and look for shadow bands and the shadow race.
Thanks to Tom, Steve and the great teams of Schlafly Beer and Dew Drop Inn. Special planning and care was given to make this event spectacular. The outdoor bar games were a smash hit, especially man-sized Jenga and the loud crashes of defeat.
The 2 minutes and 40 seconds of totality were only briefly interrupted by clouds during last 30 seconds. A loud yelp and screams of the crowd pleased all.
The DJI Mavic Pro footage captured the eclipse shadow as it approaches from the west. At 400 feet the steady camera did not blink as day became night. The truck stop lit up first which was just magical, then you can see trucks and cars and the highway pull over.
At totality the drone dutifully pointed east and stood at attention while its operate screamed "oh bloody hell!" as I looked up to see the corona blasting out the moon blocked sun.
The partial eclipse started at 11:50 am and each pac-man design effort marched on. The Cannon Rebel T6 and the 400mm lens were operated by Tomoko and Marie Bartz on a tripod with a cover shade.
Many got to take a look and we were so happy to share.
Also on site were space scientists and some with a Mead telescope for really clear and close views.
It really is quite stunning to see sunspots with amateur gear. Then, Marie pulled off a picture of the corona and two very special shots of the totally eclipsed sun. Great job!
Getting to the eclipse was a great journey! We left Los Angeles Union Station by Amtrak on Friday evening and landed in St. Louis on Sunday afternoon. Staying at the Union Station hotel was just this huge added bonus.
The Amtrak trek was awesome for bringing the romance of train travel to my family. The crew were new and young with some old codgers roaming the halls. New Mexico has just an amazing power with its scenic beauty and down-trodden abandoned farms.
The Union Station hotel is a designated national monument and was completely restored by the Oppenheimer Group with exact attention to detail. My hats off to your team.
The Union Station Hotel was packed with eclipse hunters. T-shirts with funny sayings about bending over and seeing where the sun don't shine. Stuff like that. The vibe was a Dead concert with actual mushroom hunters on site!
The Schlafly Eclipse Beer Bus was spot on and we indeed started drinking beer and eating moon pies at 7 in the morning. Just a bit to be in the spirit.
The Enterprise Rent-a-car called me three times to verify that I was going to show up. This location closed at 3pm so I assured them I would be there. "60 mores folks renting cars today, much more that usual," said the counter staff.
A note to Enterprise management. Guys, get it together. Your team on the ground were great. Luckily the clients were eclipse chasers, a species known to have a gaping open mouth of awe when looking up. The next eclipse is April 4, 2024. So, Enterprise Rent-A-Car "executives" look up from your MBA manuals and get to know your customers again.
"We came to help," said the Enterprise super managers the next day, according to staff at the site. They stayed 10 minutes and left. Check. See boss, I was there. Pathetic.
Again, the St. Louis Enterprise team on Washington Street were great.
Traffic, weather, oh my. The eclipse mania had gripped the nation and the geeks were at the wheel. All of the planning to pick this location led to anxiety as patterns kept appearing to make this a questionable location choice. Fretting, sweating and thinking of new plans all continued to happen right up until we boarded the beer bus.
The weather people were no help. They were just dumbstruck that people turned on the news just to see them. Over 3 billion eclipses have happened over our 4.5 billion years, once every 18 months or so.
Still, as Sargent Schultz used to say on Hogan's Heros, "I known nothing..."
The traffic predictors probably paid off the weatherman to give cloud and rain forecasts to scare people away. And boy did it! At one winery south west of St. Louis 50 folks canceled their reservations or just did not show up.
After watching the Oregon traffic jams it translated into worry about our plan. Oh the stress!
But, like Sonovero sings in Clouds, "even the darkest clouds drift away"
And they did! Bloomsdale, Missouri and the Dew Drop Inn got spectacular sunshine and just enough puffy clouds to worry the crowd to keep drinking Schlafly Eclipse Lager Beer.
The Great American Solar Eclipse of 2017 happened at 11:50am and a few seconds at Bloomsdale, Missouri, the home to the Dew Drop Inn of 1926. Totality took its time to creep across the sun and block out nature at 1:18pm with the unbridled screams of all girls on hand! (oh the guys too.)
Marie Bartz first learned of this eclipse at UC Berkely from her physics professor, who actually sold her solar viewing glass. A treasure she paid 10 bucks for that she was thrilled to bring to her eyes and watch shade.
The light from the sun is blocked over 100,000 times by proper solar eclipse viewing glasses. Even the last 1 percent of the sun rays are blinding. The reachers of the Diamond Ring of the Eclipse are the edge of safety. Your eyes have no pain receptors so your deer in the headlights reaction can cause permanent damage.
We had camera gear and geeks ready. Here is a summary:
1. DJI Mavic Pro drone with 4K video camera and 400ft height limit 2. DJI Osmo a handheld "drone" with full gyroscope and 4K video and 12mb pics 3. Cannon TS6 Rebel with 400mm telephoto lens on tripod, except at totality 4. Cannon TS5 Rebel with 50mm standard lens (most up face shots) 5. iPhone this that and the other 6. Sony Digital Video Camera (with projector)
The drone got magical video that keeps surprising me. Look for it on youtube. 5 minutes before Totality I piloted the Mavic Pro to 400ft and pointed her west. She stayed faithfully and captured the shade come fast, the truck stop and street lights turn on. Truckers pulled over and you can see fireworks in the distance! Yes! fireworks.
At mid Totality I turned Mavic East and she did her job again with more incredible footage of the racing eclipse shadow, Tricky light cast weird shadows and unexpected lines. Half speed Slow motion is close to allowing me to set distance markers and clock her speed. I'll have to slow it down more to get exact as I can.
DJI Osmo and its Rode microphone did the best job of catching the crowd yelling and hollering. Just awesome to combine the Mavic Drone and Osmo video to see a forever sunset, fireworks and happy beer drinking fellow eclipse chasers let out the stress of all their planning.
The Cannon TS6 with telephoto worked hard under Tomoko and Marie's direction. A night-curtain was placed over the camera body and operator to allow best focus and viewing. Many beer drinkers dropped and spilled liquid gold to take their turn looking. Each image was color corrected and sized to give a reasonable presentation of pac-man, the marriage, the cloudy takeover and rose skies being painted blue.
The Cannon TS5 was the funniest to wield. Every face smiled when shielded by solar eclipse glasses and the gaze to the heavens. The complete blackout of the glasses was a sensory experience every time. I kept mine for April 4, 2024 but I hope to use them in Argentina in 2018.
The Sony Digital Video Camera has an automatic picture taking feature for every time someone smiles The Union Station Hotel, St. Louis surprised with the Beatles blasted to the art deco roof. Recently refurbished to perfection by the Oppenheimer funds. Wow, my congratulations that the artists who brought art back to life.
The iPhones took so many selfies on eclipse day that they made a new filter to forever frame your face to the stars.
Thank you to Schlafly Brewery and the Beer Bus to Totality. And even more thanks to fellow partying eclipsers. The last three things we saw in St. Louis, Missouri was the Art Deco magnificence of the Union Station Hotel, the Enterprise Rent-a-Car (which was backup in case we could not get two more Beer Bus to Totality tickets. Luck had it that our smiles and being early helped and we got tickets.
On the walk back to meet the family I stopped by Schlafly Brewery and with a nostalgic note took this picture. I can say it is the first time in 51 years that a place and people captured me as much as the Beer Bus to Totality team.
A blur happened before, during and after the Great American Eclipse of 2017. The train clickity-clack for three days gave way to grandeur of the Union Station Hotel. The Beer Bus to Totality started with beer, remained strong with beer and concluded with beer. Oh man, I was in beer heaven. Cause I hear they aint got any there so I drink it here...
From first light in our post eclipse next day we woke before the sun and boarded the Amtrak heading to Chicago. The sun shone again so our path was filled with green and gold corn fields. Noticed most was some planned communities that were identical twenty miles apart. Even the curve of the street leading to the kings cul-de-sac was the same. Hollywood would have a field day filming and blowing up the city. Just to miss their shot so pack up and drive 15 minutes and do it again.
The St. Louis Arch did not disappoint either. With a view from our first arrival at Union Station our crew demanded an audience to selfie nation. We got pics of the Arch coming into St. Louis and the Beer Bus to Totality. Yes! The clear plastic will hold your weight!
On top of the historic Sears Tower at the 104th floor above a very sunny Chicago the day after eclipse. We could see four states and probably a few more if we pull out our binoculars. (wife corrects me...its the Willis Tower, but I still dream of my Christmas catalogue from Sears and it's my story, so Sears Tower was climbed this day.)
Watching the kids (mom and dad) gingerly get on the glass overhang and look down the picture tells it all. The look of concern was matched by the squeak of the voices. One by one couples would prince in front of selfie heaven. Time was slow in line, but when you saw the smiles you did not want them to hurry.
Every human face lightens up on this trip. Across America the smiles were infectious.
The first sequence of Chicago in the previous pages show the playful, childish side of street interactions. We died laughing at the pizza boy cat-calling local hotties. But, it is not this Chicago what we all fell in love with.
The city planners of old and new are brilliant in this city. Every block downtown has inspiration of great warriors and stoic statutes built into building facades. The impressive museum with no exhibits was breathtaking.
The impressive museum with no exhibits took time to realize that itself was the art. The sigh of relief was notices in each patron studying the art reliefs. A play on words only to suppress my overwhelming love of this structure of Escher like stairways that evoke time, costume parties and lovers.
I guess our travels back in time started at Union Station in Los Angeles as we started on the Amtrak Southwest Chief. Union Station with closed eyes can still evoke military boys shipping off to war and newlyweds, like my folks, who came to Los Angeles by train long, long ago.
The Bean really is our tour guide on this trip. After hitting the "ocean" of Lake Ontario and the giant fountain, the parking lot elevator opened to the Bean. Shining, beckoning and appealing the kid in everyone. We were hooked.
The best Pizza in Chicago was in site of the Bean and reflections on the towers revealed even more. Sparky was fired up to say the least. From the tunnel of reflecting love we strode the wide, historic boulevards.
The street art caught us by surprise at almost every corner and then two giant vertical slabs spilled water on those playing below. Grey, dark, grooved as you approach, then laughter echoes from every direction. A giant face of laughter is projected from the city waterfalls that then pucker up and spit a 10 inch stream of water on eager kids below. Chicago. You win.
Art Deco is alive and well and celebrated in Chicago. My youth of collecting was quashed by with these city planners have achieved. Sure, modern glass is there. Tallest building in the world holds on to this old title with a new push up bra.
The City of Chicago Fire Department just south of Sears Tower were having a bake sale. The bar was having happy hour and the train made its turn again and again. The faces of workers done with their day were exuberant. The tourist in us drank tequila and just kept taking pictures.
The last sunlight of this glorious Chicago day provided golden photons to bring energy to stone. Planes left town and we headed to Amtrak heading to Buffalo and then to the Canadian Niagara falls.
Eclipse Expectations Excite Escapades for Enlightenment
by Bradley L. Bartz
Los Angeles, CA (SPX) Jun 26, 2017
Since this past December the great American eclipse has been a daily occupation for my mind and wallet. Hours and hours have been spent with this Nasa Total Solar Eclipse Interactive Map. Of course, Expedia played an important role in ruling out locations. Idaho? Forget about it. Oregon. Oh Oregon. I explored the trails of Oregon more that Lewis and Clark to find the perfect spot.
The Coast of Oregon was compelling. Corvallis, Oregon really was my first choice as my Nephew owns a house there, but he graduated and rented it out. Salem, Or (I always think of witches when I say Salem) was very promising but Expedia was a bit fickle.
Highway 395 thru Oregon is an amazing drive.
Ok, drive to Oregon from Los Angeles means I get to be "Mr. Tired." So, I hurried my planning efforts and developed the pitch for Amtrak and taking a train to the best eclipse viewing spot. I morphed these two maps together to determine my first best choices for trains, planes, hotels and automobiles:
Except for Sun Valley, each of these is an Amtrak station.
Once you get on Amtrak.com it gets addicting to concoct your travels. We chose to get USA Rail Passes so we could travel on past the eclipse viewing location to the rest of America. At $459 each for 15-days and 8 segments this seems like a pretty good deal.
I picked Hastings, Nebraska first. There were still hotels at a reasonable price available. The plan was to take Amtrak from Los Angeles Union Station to Emeryville and pick up our kid. The next day we would go from Emeryville to Hastings, NE. I was excited to reveal our eclipse travel plans, but was shot down when I said we land at Hastings, NE at 2am the morning of the event.
I thought it was good timing and that we would be excited about the eclipse so skipping the hotel that night would be ok. I held onto this belief for a few days until I got into my Google Earth car and drove around Hastings. It just felt a little ghost townish. (sorry Hastings I am sure it's nice...)
Ok, back to the drawing board and the Nasa interactive eclipse map. I already bought the Amtrak USA Rail Pass so I knew I was going to stick to the overnight trains to get to our destination.
Sun Valley, ID got knocked out because I did not want to drive four thousand hours to get there.
Hermann, MO caught my eye. Its 2 minutes and 30 seconds of Totality could be increased by 10 seconds by just driving a few miles from the train station. 50 bucks a night for motel walking distance to the train station! Sold! We booked Amtrak to leave LAX at 6pm Friday August 18th and arrive at Hermann, Mo Sunday August 20th at 12:03pm.
I did book for arriving the 21st at 12:03pm but wife nixed it saying the chances of a US train being on time is not likely. I agreed having lived for years in time-obsessed Japan and its to the minute on-time trains. I booked a second hotel with a pool because I thought it was summer and that'd be nice. Only a few bucks more, but ooops 20 miles from Hastings.
"Yes! We have special promotions of 30% off for trains from Chicago to Carbondale, Illinois, the center of the "eclipsical" universe," said Marc Magliari, Media Relations, Amtrak. "Just look at blog.amtrak.com for details."
Mr. Magliari also mentioned that it is just a day-trip from New Orleans to Carbondale commenting that you don't even need to get a hotel!
Amtrak is sponsoring eclipse viewing events in Carbondale so make sure to get your free safe viewing glasses before they run out.
For an extra fee you can bring your bicycle on Amtrak. This last comment from Mr. Magliari really opens up eclipse viewing locations. Do be safe riding during totality!
"You can expect the trains to be rather full - but space is available. It's easy to check at Amtrak.com." Closed Mr. Magliari.
Now logistics came into play. Enterprise rent-a-car was closed on Sunday's in Hermann. Strike one. Now we'd have to rely on Uber in the ghost town. Strike two. No need to wait for three. Plans change easy with Amtrak and we rebooked to continue on to St. Louis, Mo. What a great choice!
We booked the St. Louis Union Station Hotel on Market St. Being able to walk from the Amtrak station to the hotel was a key bonus. Then, we set out to discover the hotel and what a gem did we find!
We booked a car with Enterprise St. Louis that is open on Sunday so we can start our final eclipse leg bright and early.
The choice from St. Louis is another mind-blowing set of wonderful sounding and looking places.
I emailed the Schlafly Brewery to ask more about their beer bus. "We will have 75 tickets, which go on sale on July 1 at www.schlafly.com/eclipse and expect to sell-out quickly!" Emailed Caiti Carrow, publicist for Schlafly.
She continued with, "Our Path of Totality packaging was specially designed to commemorate the August solar eclipse for our Helles-style lager. Consumers can purchase the special edition, black and metallic silver packaging of the beer style, including six and 12-packs. A pair of solar glasses to watch the phenomenon safely will also be included inside the 12-packs."
What is Schlafy's favorite spot in St. Louis? Founding Brewer Stephen Hale would say that the City Museum is a definite must. It's great for both kids and adults alike! For your readers, the Science Center would also be a great destination!
My List of things we must have for the eclipse:
1. Champagne - best suggestion from a veteran eclipse watcher.
2. Eclipse viewing glasses - lots of extra ones to give to others also.
3. Blanket for lying on the ground as sun will be overhead at 1:18pm
4. Solar lenses for my Mavic pro drone, Cannon with 400mm telephoto, Sony camcorder and DJI Osmo. An extra tripod might make sense too. Pictures and running commentary will be here: www.spacedaily.com/eclipse_2017
5. Memory cards, extra batteries, backup device and laptop
6. Bug spray, hats and sunblock.
7. Jacket/sweater for Totality as temperatures will drop fast! "Bring digital thermometer to show difference" my wife said.
8. Snacks and water
9. Maps, paper maps incase cell phone service is spotty. (Gotta be ready to change direction based on weather.)
10. Smiles, lots of smiles.
With our Amtrak USA Rail Pass we get to forge on as rolling stock from Saint Louis Union Station to Chicago and then Niagara Falls. Our great capital of Washington DC is right around the corner on the next train. Then we will pick our path back to Los Angeles via Seattle or Salt Lake City.
Our Great American Eclipse 2017 getaway is booked, so far.
Total Eclipse History and Fun Facts!
Testing Einstein's Theory of Gravity
Solar eclipses have long been known as fortunate opportunities to study the Sun, but in 1919, a total eclipse of the Sun gave scientists an opportunity to confirm Albert Einstein's theory of General Relativity, a controversial and mind-bending description of space, time, and gravity. In this new theory, Einstein combined the concepts of space and time into an interlocked fabric called "space-time" which fills the universe. Objects with mass had the property of distorting space-time, resulting in the force of gravity. Einstein's theory was the first to correctly describe the orbit of Mercury, which had confounded astronomers for centuries. As Mercury orbits the Sun, the curvature of space caused by the Sun's gravity would cause the planet's orbit to shift very slightly, according to the theory. The curvature of space-time could explain the strange aspects of Mercury's orbit.
Einstein's theory met with both acclaim and skepticism, until 1919 when British astronomer Sir Arthur Eddington observed a total solar eclipse from the island of Principe off the west coast of Africa on May 29. The Sun was in the constellation Taurus and as darkness fell, a few stars in the Hyades cluster could be seen near the limb of the Sun.
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse
1655 Dec 12
Bradley Bartz writes, "If we travel back in time to 1655 this longest eclipse of the century marked the first legal slave in America, Mr. John Casor. A twelve minute total with an Annular Solar Eclipse. We learned this already, Annular - Moon's antumbral shadow traverses Earth (Moon is too far from Earth to completely cover the Sun). Thanks to NASA."
Eclipses of the Sun can only occur when the Moon is near one of its two orbital nodes  during the New Moon phase . It is then possible for the Moon's penumbral, umbral or antumbral shadows to sweep across Earth's surface thereby producing an eclipse. There are four types of solar eclipses:
Partial - Moon's penumbral shadow traverses Earth (umbral and antumbral shadows completely miss Earth)
Annular - Moon's antumbral shadow traverses Earth (Moon is too far from Earth to completely cover the Sun)
Total - Moon's umbral shadow traverses Earth (Moon is close enough to Earth to completely cover the Sun)
Hybrid - Moon's umbral and antumbral shadows traverse Earth (eclipse appears annular and total along different sections of its path). Hybrid eclipses are also known as annular-total eclipses. 
Total eclipses are visible from within the Moon's umbral shadow while annular eclipses are seen within the antumbral shadow . These eclipses can be classified as central  or non-central as:
Central (two limits) - The central axis of the Moon's shadow cone traverses Earth thereby producing a central line in the eclipse track. The umbra or antumbra falls entirely upon Earth so the ground track has both a northern and southern limit.
Central (one limit) - The central axis of the Moon's shadow cone traverses Earth. However, a portion of the umbra or antumbra misses Earth throughout the eclipse and the resulting ground track has just one limit.
Non-Central (one limit) - The central axis of the Moon's shadow cone misses Earth. However, one edge of the umbra or antumbra grazes Earth thereby producing a ground track with one limit and no central line.
The recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle.
This implementation of Google Maps is based on Charlie Ridgway's Occultations Page.
The eclipse contacts window is based on Xavier Jubier's solar eclipses mapping page. Xavier's assistance in updating and improving these maps has been invaluable.
Special thanks to National Space Club summer intern Sumit Dutta for his assistance in developing this web page (July 2007) and to Bill Kramer for adding the distance-to-marker feature.
The Besselian elements used in the eclipse predictions were generated for the Moon's center of mass using the VSOP87/ELP2000-82 ephemerides for the Sun and Moon. The accuracy of the northern and southern edges of the eclipse path are limited to approximately 1-2 kilometers due to the lunar limb profile. All calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.
Permission is freely granted to reproduce this data when accompanied by an acknowledgment:
"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC"
Fred Espenak: Adapted from NASA RP 1383 Total Solar Eclipse of 1998 February 26, April 1996, p. 17.
The Sun can be viewed safely with the naked eye only during the few brief seconds or minutes of a total solar eclipse. Partial eclipses, annular eclipses, and the partial phases of total eclipses are never safe to watch without taking special precautions. Even when 99% of the Sun's surface is obscured during the partial phases of a total eclipse, the remaining photospheric crescent is intensely bright and cannot be viewed safely without eye protection [Chou, 1981; Marsh, 1982]. Do not attempt to observe the partial or annular phases of any eclipse with the naked eye. Failure to use appropriate filtration may result in permanent eye damage or blindness!
Generally, the same equipment, techniques and precautions used to observe the Sun outside of eclipse are required for annular eclipses and the partial phases of total eclipses [Reynolds & Sweetsir, 1995; Pasachoff & Covington, 1993; Pasachoff & Menzel, 1992; Sherrod, 1981]. The safest and most inexpensive of these methods is by projection, in which a pinhole or small opening is used to cast the image of the Sun on a screen placed a half-meter or more beyond the opening. Projected images of the Sun may even be seen on the ground in the small openings created by interlacing fingers, or in the dappled sunlight beneath a leafy tree. Binoculars can also be used to project a magnified image of the Sun on a white card, but you must avoid the temptation of using these instruments for direct viewing.
The Sun can be viewed directly only when using filters specifically designed for this purpose. Such filters usually have a thin layer of aluminum, chromium or silver deposited on their surfaces that attenuates ultraviolet, visible, and infrared energy. One of the most widely available filters for safe solar viewing is a number 14 welder's glass, available through welding supply outlets. More recently, aluminized mylar has become a popular, inexpensive alternative. Mylar can easily be cut with scissors and adapted to any kind of box or viewing device. A number of sources for solar filters are listed below. No filter is safe to use with any optical device (i.e. - telescope, binoculars, etc.) unless it has been specifically designed for that purpose. Experienced amateur and professional astronomers may also use one or two layers of completely exposed and fully developed black-and-white film, provided the film contains a silver emulsion. Since all developed color films lack silver, they are always unsafe for use in solar viewing.
Unsafe filters include color film, some non-silver black and white film, medical x-ray films with images on them, smoked glass, photographic neutral density filters and polarizing filters. Solar filters designed to thread into eyepieces which are often sold with inexpensive telescopes are also dangerous. They should not be used for viewing the Sun at any time since they often crack from overheating. Do not experiment with other filters unless you are certain that they are safe. Damage to the eyes comes predominantly from invisible infrared wavelengths. The fact that the Sun appears dark in a filter or that you feel no discomfort does not guarantee that your eyes are safe. Avoid all unnecessary risks. Your local planetarium or amateur astronomy club is a good source for additional information.
In spite of these precautions, the total phase (and only the total phase) of an eclipse can and should be viewed without filters. It is crucial that you know when to take off and put back on your glasses; see Eye safety during a total solar eclipse
During a total solar eclipse, the shadow of the moon moves at an incredible speed across the Earth's surface. Depending on the relative positions of the Earth and the Moon at the time, the shadow can move at over 1700 miles per hour (2700 kilometers per hour) at the equator. However, this speed decreases as the shadow moves towards the Earth's poles.
Just before and after totality, you may see a phenomenon known as Baily's Beads. This is where the rugged lunar landscape allows beads of sunlight to shine through in some places, and not in others. Additionally, as the last bead of sunlight disappears or the first one reappears, it can create a bright flash known as the "Diamond Ring Effect."
The total solar eclipse of 1919 played a crucial role in validating Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity. By tracking starlight bending around the sun during the eclipse, astronomers were able to prove that gravity can bend light, a key prediction of Einstein's theory.
Total solar eclipses happen somewhere on Earth about once every 18 months. However, they only return to the same place on average once every 375 years. So, having a total solar eclipse in your hometown is a truly rare event.
The blocking of the Sun's light during an eclipse causes a drop in temperature on Earth. This sudden change in temperature is often noticeable and can be as much as 10 to 15 degrees Fahrenheit.
The sudden darkness and temperature drop during an eclipse can cause animals to exhibit night-time behavior. Birds may stop singing, bats may come out, and some animals may become noticeably anxious or agitated.
Due to tidal acceleration, the Moon is slowly receding from Earth at a rate of about 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) per year. This will eventually cause total solar eclipses to cease happening in about 600 million to 1.4 billion years from now.
There's a dedicated group of people known as "eclipse chasers" or "umbraphiles" who travel the world to witness total solar eclipses. They often go to great lengths to position themselves within the path of totality, and some have seen many eclipses.
More fun fun facts, maps and guides in this free to read book!
|CITY||HIGHWAY||Time in Totality|
|Charcos de Risa||Highway 91||4m28.0s|
|San Luis del Cordero||Highway Mystery||4m28.0s|
|Jose Maria Patoni||Highway 45||4m27.9s|
|Ciudad Frontera Monclova||Highway 20||4m27.9s|
|El Pozole||Highway 23||4m27.8s|
|Santa Rosa de Muzquiz||Highway 53||4m27.6s|
|Santa Rosa de Muzquiz||Highway 53||4m27.6s|
|Parque Natural Mexiquillo||Highway 40||4m27.4s|
|El Palmito||Highway 40D||4m27.3s|
|Piedras Negras||Highway 2||4m27.0s|
|Francisco Villa||Highway 5-11||4m27.0s|
|Radar Base Texas||Highway 227||4m26.9s|
|Brackettville Texas||Highway 90||4m26.6s|
|Uvalde Texas||Highway 55||4m26.5s|
|Rio Frio Texas||Highway 83||4m26.3s|
|Ingram Texas||Highway 10||4m25.7s|
|Fredericksburg Texas||Highway 290||4m25.5s|
|Boot Ranch Texas||Highway 87||4m25.5s|
|Enchanted Rock State Natural Area Texas||Highway 16||4m25.2s|
|Llano Texas||Highway 71||4m25.0s|
|Buchanan Dam Texas||Highway 29||4m25.0s|
|Lampasas Texas||Highway 281||4m24.6s|
|Lampasas Texas||Highway 183||4m24.6s|
|Lampasas Texas||Highway 190||4m24.5s|
|The Last Drive-In Picture Show 2912 TX-36 Texas||Highway 36||4m24.0s|
|Gatesville Texas||Highway 84||4m24.0s|
|Valley Mills Texas||Highway 6||4m23.7s|
|Valley Mills Texas||Highway 317||4m23.7s|
|Abbott Texas||Highway 35||4m23.2s|
|Bynum Texas||Highway 171||4m23.1s|
|Brandon Texas||Highway 22||4m23.0s|
|Italy Texas||Highway 34||4m22.8s|
|Avalon Texas||Highway 34||4m22.8s|
|Ennis Texas||Highway 287||4m22.6s|
|Ennis Texas||Highway 45||4m22.5s|
|Kaufman Texas||Highway 175||4m22.1s|
|Oak Ridge Texas||Highway 34||4m22.0s|
|Oak Ridge Texas||Highway 20||4m21.9s|
|Elmo Texas||Highway 80||4m21.8s|
|East Tawakoni Texas||Highway 276||4m21.5s|
|Point Texas||Highway 69||4m21.4s|
|Sulphur Springs Texas||Highway 30||4m21.1s|
|Sulphur Springs Texas||Highway 11||4m21.0s|
|Sulphur Springs Texas||Highway 19||4m20.9s|
|Bogata Texas||Highway 271||4m20.3s|
|Bogata Texas||Highway 37||4m20.3s|
|Clarksville Texas||Highway 82||4m20.0s|
|Red Slough Wildlife Management Area Oklahoma||Highway 259||4m19.7s|
|Haworth Oklahoma||Highway 3||4m19.4s|
|De Queen Arkansas||Highway 70||4m19.1s|
|Gillham Arkansas||Highway 71||4m18.8s|
|Umpire Arkansas||Highway 278||4m18.5s|
|Big Fork Arkansas||Highway 8||4m18.1s|
|Pencil Bluff Arkansas||Highway 270||4m17.7s|
|Sims Arkansas||Highway 88||4m17.6s|
|Onyx Arkansas||Highway 27||4m17.1s|
|Ola Arkansas||Highway 7||4m16.8s|
|Plainview Arkansas||Highway 60||4m16.8s|
|Ola Arkansas||Highway 10||4m16.7s|
|Happy Bend Arkansas||Highway 40||4m16.1s|
|Blackwell Arkansas||Highway 64||4m16.1s|
|Clinton Arkansas||Highway 65||4m15.3s|
|Shirley Arkansas||Highway 16||4m15.1s|
|Mountain View Arkansas||Highway 5||4m14.5s|
|Mountain View Arkansas||Highway 14||4m14.4s|
|Mt. Pleasant Arkansas||Highway 69||4m14.0s|
|Ash Flat Arkansas||Highway 167||4m13.7s|
|Ozark Acres Arkansas||Highway 412||4m13.2s|
|Ozark Acres Arkansas||Highway 412||4m13.2s|
|Doniphan Missouri||Highway 160||4m12.2s|
|Doniphan Missouri||Highway 142||4m12.2s|
|Doniphan Missouri||Highway 21||4m12.0s|
|Hendrickson Missouri||Highway 60||4m11.5s|
|Hendrickson Missouri||Highway 67||4m11.4s|
|Zalma Missouri||Highway 51||4m10.6s|
|Zalma Missouri||Highway 51||4m10.5s|
|Zalma Missouri||Highway 51||4m10.3s|
|Jackson Missouri||Highway 55||4m09.7s|
|Jackson Missouri||Highway 72||4m09.7s|
|Cape Girardeau Missouri||Highway 55||4m09.6s|
|Fruitland Missouri||Highway 177||4m09.6s|
|Wolf Lake Missouri||Highway 3||4m09.2s|
|Pomona Missouri||Highway 127||4m09.0s|
|Carbondale Illinois||Highway 51||4m08.8s|
|Carbondale Illinois||Highway 13||4m08.5s|
|Energy Illinois||Highway 148 Illinois||4m08.3s|
|Stiritz Illinois||Highway 57||4m08.1s|
|Thompsonville Illinois||Highway 149||4m07.9s|
|Parrish Illinois||Highway 34||4m07.8s|
|McLeansboro Illinois||Highway 242||4m07.3s|
|McLeansboro Illinois||Highway 14||4m07.3s|
|McLeansboro Illinois||Highway 142||4m07.3s|
|Springerton Illinois||Highway 45||4m06.9s|
|Burnt Prairie Illinois||Highway 64||4m06.7s|
|Albon Illinois||Highway 15||4m06.2s|
|Sands Barrens Illinois||Highway 1||4m05.4s|
|Bruceville Indiana||Highway 67||4m04.8s|
|Westphalia Indiana||Highway 67||4m04.4s|
|Newberry Indiana||Highway 57||4m03.9s|
|Bloomfield Indiana||Highway 231||4m03.8s|
|Bloomington Indiana||Highway 46||4m03.0s|
|Bloomington Indiana||Highway 37||4m02.9s|
|Morgantown Indiana||Highway 252||4m02.3s|
|Bud Indiana||Highway 135||4m02.0s|
|Bud Indiana||Highway 44||4m02.0s|
|Hopewell Indiana||Highway 144||4m01.9s|
|Franklin Indiana||Highway 31||4m01.8s|
|Uremyville Indiana||Highway 65||4m01.7s|
|Shelbyville Indiana||Highway 421||4m01.4s|
|Founaintown Indiana||Highway 9||4m01.2s|
|Morristown Indiana||Highway 52||4m01.1s|
|Knightstown Indiana||Highway 40||4m00.6s|
|Spiceland Indiana||Highway 3||4m00.4s|
|Spiceland Indiana||Highway 70||4m00.3s|
|Ashland Indiana||Highway 38||4m00.1s|
|Economy Indiana||Highway 1||3m59.8s|
|Economy Indiana||Highway 35||3m59.8s|
|Modoc Indiana||Highway 36||3m59.5s|
|Rural Indiana||Highway 27||3m59.3s|
|Union City Indiana||Highway 571||3m58.9s|
|Ansonia Indiana||Highway 47||3m58.7s|
|North Star Indiana||Highway 127||3m58.5s|
|Botkins Indiana||Highway 75||3m57.6s|
|Wapakoneta Ohio||Highway 33||3m57.2s|
|Ada Ohio||Highway 68||3m56.4s|
|Kirby Ohio||Highway 30||3m56.0s|
|Crawford Ohio||Highway 23||3m55.7s|
|Attica Ohio||Highway 224||3m54.8s|
|Siam Ohio||Highway 4||3m54.6s|
|Norwalk Ohio||Highway 20||3m54.1s|
|Norwalk Ohio||Highway 20||3m54.0s|
|Norwalk Ohio||Highway 250||3m54.0s|
|Florence Ohio||Highway 80||3m53.6s|
|Lorain Ohio||Highway 2||3m53.2s|
|Avon Lake Ohio||Highway 83||3m52.7s|
|Avon Lake Ohio||Highway 6||3m52.7s|
|Buffalo New York||Highway 5||3m45.6s|
|Buffalo New York||Highway 62||3m45.5s|
|Kaisertown New York||Highway 190||3m45.4s|
|Kaisertown New York||Highway 90||3m45.4s|
|Depew New York||Highway 20||3m45.2s|
|Williamsville New York||Highway 33||3m45.0s|
|Millgrove New York||Highway 90||3m44.9s|
|Murrays Corner New York||Highway 5||3m44.7s|
|Oakville New York||Highway 63||3m44.3s|
|East Oakville New York||Highway 98||3m44.1s|
|Brockport New York||Highway 19||3m43.5s|
|Brockport New York||Highway 31||3m43.5s|
|Brockport New York||Highway 104||3m43.4s|
|Brockport New York||Highway 260||3m43.4s|
|Hilton New York||Highay 18||3m43.2s|
|Hilton New York||Highay 259||3m43.2s|
|Hilton New York||Lake Ontario State Parkway||3m43.0s|
|Henderson New York||Highway 3||3m39.6s|
|Watertown New York||Highway 81||3m39.1s|
|Watertown New York||Highway 11||3m39.0s|
|Watertown New York||Highway 12||3m38.9s|
|Fort Drum New York||Highway 26||3m38.5s|
|Carthage New York||Highway 3||3m38.4s|
|Diana Center New York||Highway 3||3m38.1s|
|Harrisville New York||Highway 812||3m37.8s|
|Fine New York||Highway 3||3m37.2s|
|Paul Smiths New York||Highway 30||3m35.4s|
|Saranac New York||Highway 3||3m34.2s|
|Morrisonville New York||Highway 3||3m33.8s|
|Beekmantown New York||Highway 87||3m33.6s|
|Plattsburg New York||Highway 22||3m33.6s|
|Grand Isle Vermont||Highway 2||3m33.3s|
|St. Albans Town Vermont||Highway 89||3m32.8s|
|Sheldon Vermont||Highway 105||3m32.7s|
|Richford Vermont||Highway 105||3m31.9s|
|Masonville Quebec||Highway 243||3m31.3s|
|Fitch Bay Quebec||Highway 247||3m30.9s|
|Ayers Cliff Quebec||Highway 143||3m30.6s|
|Ayers Cliff Quebec||Highway 55||3m30.6s|
|Ayers Cliff Quebec||Highway 141||3m30.6s|
|Moes River Quebec||Highway 147||3m30.1s|
|Moes River Quebec||Highway 251||3m29.9s|
|Saint-Isidore-de-Clifton Quebec||Highway 253||3m29.5s|
|La Patrie Quebec||Highway 257||3m28.9s|
|Piopolis Quebec||Highway 263||3m28.2s|
|Lac-Megantic Quebec||Highway 161||3m28.1s|
|Move River Maine||Highway 201||3m26.8s|
|Moro Maine||Highway 11||3m22.8s|
|Littleton Maine||Highway 1||3m21.7s|
|Avondale New Brunswick||Highway 550||3m21.5s|
|Peel New Brunswick||Highway 105||3m21.2s|
|Waterville New Brunswick||Highway 2||3m21.2s|
|Peel New Brunswick||Highway 103||3m21.2s|
|Upper Brighton New Brunswick||Highway 130||3m21.1s|
|Napadogan New Brunswick||Highway 107||3m20.0s|
|Blackville New Brunswick||Highway 8||3m17.7s|
|Collette New Brunswick||Highway 126||3m16.9s|
|Saint Margarets New Brunswick||Highway 134||3m16.3s|
|Black River New Brunswick||Highway 117||3m15.9s|
|Cap-aux-Meules Old Harry||Highway 199||3m09.6s|
|South Branch New Brunswick||Highway 1||3m04.4s|
|Port Blandford New Brunswick||Highway 360||2m57.9s|
|Traytown New Brunswick||Highway 1||2m55.3s|
|Bonavista New Brunswick||Highway 235||2m53.8s|
|Bonavista New Brunswick||Highway 230||2m53.7s
8 April 2024
ROCK STARS! HOW ABOUT ECLIPSE FESTIVAL CONCERT SIMULCAST?
TELL US WHERE YOU ARE ROCKING IN TOTALTIY.
Are you a Texas Rangers Fan? 3 Minutes and 18 Seconds of Totality.
Email / Call them and tell them to schedule a home game.
Are you a Cleveland Indians Fan? 3 Minutes and 48 Seconds of Totality!
Let the planning begin! Amtrak is a boon for this full eclipse of the sun on
|City||Amtrak Station Name||Totality Time|
|Wesport (Lake Placid)||WSP||3:18|
|St. Catherines||VIA RAIL||3:12|
8 April 2024
From Halifax, Canada to Mazatlan, Mexico
|TIME||Northern_line||Southern_Line||Red_line||Dia_ratio||alt||azimuth||width||duration||city||state||See the Location|
|16:40||07 11.6S 158 43.9W||08 27.2S 158 20.1W||07 49.5S 158 31.9W||1.04||0||-||144||02m06.3s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|16:42||05 30.6S 149 47.6W||06 11.7S 146 38.0W||05 50.2S 148 07.8W||1.043||11||81||159||02m27.5s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|16:44||04 20.5S 145 29.6W||05 08.4S 143 00.6W||04 44.0S 144 13.0W||1.044||16||81||166||02m36.8s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|16:46||03 21.2S 142 27.6W||04 12.3S 140 15.6W||03 46.4S 141 20.3W||1.045||19||81||171||02m44.2s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|16:48||02 27.1S 140 01.8W||03 20.2S 137 59.5W||02 53.3S 138 59.7W||1.046||22||81||174||02m50.6s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|16:50||01 36.2S 137 58.5W||02 30.8S 136 02.5W||02 03.3S 136 59.7W||1.047||25||81||178||02m56.3s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|16:52||00 47.7S 136 10.6W||01 43.4S 134 19.0W||01 15.4S 135 14.1W||1.048||27||81||181||03m01.6s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|16:54||00 01.0S 134 34.2W||00 57.6S 132 45.9W||00 29.1S 133 39.5W||1.048||29||81||183||03m06.4s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|16:56||00 44.4N 133 06.9W||00 13.0S 131 21.1W||00 15.9N 132 13.5W||1.049||31||81||186||03m10.9s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|16:58||01 28.6N 131 46.8W||00 30.6N 130 03.0W||00 59.7N 130 54.5W||1.05||33||82||188||03m15.2s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:00||02 11.8N 130 32.7W||01 13.2N 128 50.5W||01 42.7N 129 41.2W||1.05||35||82||190||03m19.3s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:02||02 54.2N 129 23.6W||01 55.1N 127 42.8W||02 24.8N 128 32.8W||1.05||37||82||192||03m23.1s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:04||03 35.9N 128 18.8W||02 36.4N 126 39.1W||03 06.3N 127 28.6W||1.051||38||83||193||03m26.8s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:06||04 17.0N 127 17.7W||03 17.0N 125 39.0W||03 47.2N 126 28.0W||1.051||40||83||194||03m30.3s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:08||04 57.5N 126 19.9W||03 57.2N 124 42.0W||04 27.5N 125 30.6W||1.052||41||84||196||03m33.7s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:10||05 37.5N 125 24.9W||04 36.8N 123 47.8W||05 07.3N 124 36.1W||1.052||43||84||197||03m36.9s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:12||06 17.1N 124 32.5W||05 16.0N 122 56.0W||05 46.7N 123 44.0W||1.052||44||85||198||03m40.0s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:14||06 56.3N 123 42.4W||05 54.8N 122 06.4W||06 25.6N 122 54.1W||1.053||46||86||199||03m42.9s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:16||07 35.0N 122 54.2W||06 33.3N 121 18.7W||07 04.3N 122 06.2W||1.053||47||86||199||03m45.8s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:18||08 13.5N 122 07.9W||07 11.4N 120 32.8W||07 42.5N 121 20.1W||1.053||48||87||200||03m48.5s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:20||08 51.6N 121 23.2W||07 49.2N 119 48.5W||08 20.5N 120 35.6W||1.053||49||88||201||03m51.1s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:22||09 29.4N 120 40.0W||08 26.8N 119 05.7W||08 58.2N 119 52.6W||1.054||51||89||201||03m53.6s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:24||10 07.0N 119 58.1W||09 04.0N 118 24.2W||09 35.6N 119 10.9W||1.054||52||90||202||03m56.0s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:26||10 44.3N 119 17.5W||09 41.1N 117 43.8W||10 12.7N 118 30.4W||1.054||53||91||202||03m58.4s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:28||11 21.4N 118 37.9W||10 17.9N 117 04.6W||10 49.7N 117 51.0W||1.054||54||92||202||04m00.6s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:30||11 58.3N 117 59.4W||10 54.4N 116 26.3W||11 26.4N 117 12.6W||1.055||55||93||202||04m02.7s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:32||12 34.9N 117 21.7W||11 30.8N 115 49.0W||12 02.9N 116 35.1W||1.055||56||94||203||04m04.8s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:34||13 11.4N 116 44.9W||12 07.0N 115 12.4W||12 39.3N 115 58.4W||1.055||57||96||203||04m06.7s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:36||13 47.8N 116 08.8W||12 43.0N 114 36.6W||13 15.4N 115 22.5W||1.055||58||97||203||04m08.6s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:38||14 23.9N 115 33.4W||13 18.9N 114 01.4W||13 51.4N 114 47.2W||1.055||59||99||203||04m10.3s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:40||14 59.9N 114 58.5W||13 54.6N 113 26.8W||14 27.3N 114 12.5W||1.055||60||100||203||04m12.0s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:42||15 35.8N 114 24.3W||14 30.1N 112 52.8W||15 03.0N 113 38.3W||1.056||61||102||203||04m13.6s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:44||16 11.6N 113 50.4W||15 05.5N 112 19.2W||15 38.6N 113 04.6W||1.056||62||104||202||04m15.1s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:46||16 47.2N 113 17.0W||15 40.8N 111 46.0W||16 14.0N 112 31.4W||1.056||63||105||202||04m16.5s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:48||17 22.7N 112 44.0W||16 15.9N 111 13.3W||16 49.3N 111 58.4W||1.056||64||107||202||04m17.9s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:50||17 58.1N 112 11.3W||16 51.0N 110 40.8W||17 24.5N 111 25.8W||1.056||64||109||202||04m19.1s||Bikini||Bottom|| See the location|
|17:52||18 33.4N 111 38.8W||17 25.9N 110 08.6W||17 59.6N 110 53.5W||1.056||65||112||202||04m20.3s||Socorro Island||San Jose del Cabo|| See the location|
|17:54||19 08.6N 111 06.5W||18 00.7N 109 36.6W||18 34.7N 110 21.4W||1.056||66||114||202||04m21.4s|| See the location|
|17:56||19 43.7N 110 34.4W||18 35.4N 109 04.8W||19 09.6N 109 49.4W||1.056||66||116||201||04m22.4s|| See the location|
|17:58||20 18.8N 110 02.5W||19 10.1N 108 33.1W||19 44.4N 109 17.6W||1.056||67||119||201||04m23.4s|| See the location|
|18:00||20 53.8N 109 30.6W||19 44.6N 108 01.5W||20 19.2N 108 45.8W||1.056||67||122||201||04m24.2s|| See the location|
|18:02||21 28.7N 108 58.7W||20 19.1N 107 29.9W||20 53.8N 108 14.1W||1.056||68||125||200||04m25.0s|| See the location|
|18:04||22 03.5N 108 26.8W||20 53.5N 106 58.4W||21 28.5N 107 42.4W||1.056||68||128||200||04m25.7s|| See the location|
|18:06||22 38.3N 107 54.9W||21 27.8N 106 26.8W||22 03.0N 107 10.7W||1.056||69||131||200||04m26.3s|| See the location|
|18:08||23 13.0N 107 22.8W||22 02.0N 105 55.1W||22 37.5N 106 38.8W||1.057||69||134||199||04m26.8s|| See the location|
|18:10||23 47.7N 106 50.7W||22 36.2N 105 23.3W||23 11.9N 106 06.8W||1.057||69||137||199||04m27.2s|| See the location|
|18:12||24 22.3N 106 18.3W||23 10.3N 104 51.4W||23 46.3N 105 34.7W||1.057||70||140||199||04m27.6s|| See the location|
|18:14||24 56.9N 105 45.7W||23 44.4N 104 19.2W||24 20.6N 105 02.3W||1.057||70||144||198||04m27.9s|| See the location|
|18:16||25 31.4N 105 12.9W||24 18.4N 103 46.8W||24 54.8N 104 29.7W||1.057||70||147||198||04m28.1s|| See the location|
|18:18||26 05.9N 104 39.8W||24 52.3N 103 14.2W||25 29.1N 103 56.8W||1.057||70||151||197||04m28.2s|| See the location|
|18:20||26 40.4N 104 06.3W||25 26.3N 102 41.2W||26 03.3N 103 23.6W||1.057||70||154||197||04m28.2s|| See the location|
|18:22||27 14.8N 103 32.4W||26 00.1N 102 07.8W||26 37.4N 102 49.9W||1.057||70||157||197||04m28.1s|| See the location|
|18:24||27 49.2N 102 58.0W||26 33.9N 101 34.0W||27 11.5N 102 15.9W||1.056||69||161||196||04m28.0s|| See the location|
|18:26||28 23.6N 102 23.2W||27 07.7N 100 59.8W||27 45.6N 101 41.4W||1.056||69||164||196||04m27.7s||Rancho Los Noras||Mexico|| See the location|
|18:28||28 57.9N 101 47.8W||27 41.4N 100 25.1W||28 19.6N 101 06.3W||1.056||69||168||195||04m27.4s|| See the location|
|18:30||29 32.2N 101 11.9W||28 15.1N 099 49.8W||28 53.6N 100 30.7W||1.056||68||171||195||04m27.0s|| See the location|
|18:32||30 06.5N 100 35.3W||28 48.8N 099 13.9W||29 27.6N 099 54.5W||1.056||68||174||194||04m26.5s|| See the location|
|18:34||30 40.8N 099 57.9W||29 22.4N 098 37.4W||30 01.5N 099 17.5W||1.056||68||177||194||04m26.0s|| See the location|
|18:36||31 15.0N 099 19.9W||29 56.0N 098 00.1W||30 35.4N 098 39.9W||1.056||67||180||193||04m25.3s|| See the location|
|18:38||31 49.3N 098 41.0W||30 29.6N 097 22.1W||31 09.3N 098 01.5W||1.056||66||183||193||04m24.5s|| See the location|
|18:40||32 23.5N 098 01.3W||31 03.1N 096 43.3W||31 43.2N 097 22.2W||1.056||66||185||192||04m23.7s|| See the location|
|18:42||32 57.6N 097 20.6W||31 36.6N 096 03.6W||32 17.0N 096 42.0W||1.056||65||188||192||04m22.7s|| See the location|
|18:44||33 31.8N 096 38.8W||32 10.0N 095 23.0W||32 50.8N 096 00.8W||1.056||64||191||191||04m21.7s|| See the location|
|18:46||34 05.9N 095 56.0W||32 43.4N 094 41.3W||33 24.6N 095 18.6W||1.056||64||193||191||04m20.6s||Cunningham||Texas|| See the location|
|18:48||34 40.0N 095 12.1W||33 16.8N 093 58.5W||33 58.3N 094 35.2W||1.056||63||195||190||04m19.4s|| See the location|
|18:50||35 14.1N 094 26.9W||33 50.1N 093 14.6W||34 32.0N 093 50.7W||1.055||62||198||189||04m18.0s||Sulphur Springs||Arkansas|| See the location|
|18:52||35 48.1N 093 40.3W||34 23.4N 092 29.5W||35 05.6N 093 04.8W||1.055||61||200||189||04m16.6s||New Neely||Arkansas|| See the location|
|18:54||36 22.1N 092 52.3W||34 56.6N 091 43.0W||35 39.2N 092 17.6W||1.055||60||202||188||04m15.1s|| See the location|
|18:56||36 56.0N 092 02.8W||35 29.8N 090 55.0W||36 12.8N 091 28.9W||1.055||59||204||188||04m13.5s|| See the location|
|18:58||37 29.9N 091 11.6W||36 02.9N 090 05.6W||36 46.3N 090 38.6W||1.055||58||206||187||04m11.8s|| See the location|
|19:00||38 03.8N 090 18.7W||36 36.0N 089 14.5W||37 19.7N 089 46.6W||1.055||57||208||186||04m10.0s|| See the location|
|19:02||38 37.5N 089 23.9W||37 09.0N 088 21.6W||37 53.1N 088 52.8W||1.054||56||210||186||04m08.1s|| See the location|
|19:04||39 11.2N 088 27.0W||37 41.9N 087 26.9W||38 26.3N 087 57.0W||1.054||55||212||185||04m06.1s|| See the location|
|19:06||39 44.8N 087 27.9W||38 14.7N 086 30.1W||38 59.5N 086 59.1W||1.054||54||214||184||04m04.0s|| See the location|
|19:08||40 18.2N 086 26.5W||38 47.4N 085 31.1W||39 32.6N 085 58.9W||1.054||53||216||183||04m01.7s|| See the location|
|19:10||40 51.6N 085 22.6W||39 19.9N 084 29.8W||40 05.6N 084 56.3W||1.054||52||217||183||03m59.4s|| See the location|
|19:12||41 24.8N 084 15.9W||39 52.4N 083 26.0W||40 38.4N 083 51.1W||1.053||51||219||182||03m56.9s|| See the location|
|19:14||41 57.8N 083 06.3W||40 24.7N 082 19.4W||41 11.0N 082 43.0W||1.053||50||221||181||03m54.4s|| See the location|
|19:16||42 30.6N 081 53.4W||40 56.8N 081 09.9W||41 43.5N 081 31.9W||1.053||48||223||180||03m51.7s|| See the location|
|19:18||43 03.2N 080 37.0W||41 28.7N 079 57.1W||42 15.8N 080 17.4W||1.052||47||224||179||03m48.9s|| See the location|
|19:20||43 35.6N 079 16.9W||42 00.4N 078 40.9W||42 47.8N 078 59.2W||1.052||46||226||179||03m45.9s|| See the location|
|19:22||44 07.6N 077 52.5W||42 31.8N 077 20.8W||43 19.5N 077 37.0W||1.052||44||228||178||03m42.8s|| See the location|
|19:24||44 39.3N 076 23.6W||43 02.9N 075 56.5W||43 50.9N 076 10.5W||1.052||43||230||177||03m39.6s|| See the location|
|19:26||45 10.6N 074 49.6W||43 33.7N 074 27.6W||44 21.9N 074 39.1W||1.051||41||232||176||03m36.3s|| See the location|
|19:28||45 41.4N 073 10.0W||44 04.0N 072 53.5W||44 52.4N 073 02.4W||1.051||40||234||175||03m32.8s|| See the location|
|19:30||46 11.6N 071 24.2W||44 33.8N 071 13.8W||45 22.4N 071 19.7W||1.05||38||236||173||03m29.1s|| See the location|
|19:32||46 41.1N 069 31.3W||45 03.0N 069 27.7W||45 51.8N 069 30.3W||1.05||37||238||172||03m25.2s|| See the location|
|19:34||47 09.8N 067 30.4W||45 31.6N 067 34.4W||46 20.5N 067 33.4W||1.05||35||240||171||03m21.2s|| See the location|
|19:36||47 37.5N 065 20.4W||45 59.3N 065 32.8W||46 48.2N 065 27.8W||1.049||33||242||170||03m17.0s|| See the location|
|19:38||48 04.0N 062 59.9W||46 26.0N 063 21.8W||47 14.8N 063 12.1W||1.049||31||244||168||03m12.5s|| See the location|
|19:40||48 29.1N 060 26.8W||46 51.5N 060 59.6W||47 40.1N 060 44.7W||1.048||29||247||167||03m07.7s|| See the location|
|19:42||48 52.2N 057 38.5W||47 15.4N 058 24.0W||48 03.7N 058 03.1W||1.047||27||249||165||03m02.7s|| See the location|
|19:44||49 13.0N 054 31.6W||47 37.4N 055 32.1W||48 25.1N 055 03.9W||1.047||25||252||163||02m57.2s|| See the location|
|19:46||49 30.6N 051 00.3W||47 56.9N 052 19.4W||48 43.7N 051 42.4W||1.046||22||255||161||02m51.3s|| See the location|
|19:48||49 43.5N 046 55.5W||48 12.7N 048 38.8W||48 58.2N 047 50.4W||1.045||20||259||159||02m44.8s|| See the location|
|19:50||49 49.3N 041 59.5W||48 23.3N 044 17.7W||49 06.6N 043 13.1W||1.044||16||263||156||02m37.3s|| See the location|
|19:52||49 41.3N 035 27.0W||48 24.7N 038 48.5W||49 03.9N 037 15.7W||1.043||12||268||153||02m28.2s|| See the location|
|19:54||48 13.7N 019 29.4W||47 00.4N 020 04.6W||47 37.0N 019 47.2W||1.039||0||142||02m04.2s|| See the location|